General Information

Surface Area: 824 268 square kilometers

Capital: Windhoek

Independence: March 21 1990

First President: Sam Nujoma

Current President: Hifikipunye Pohamba

Multiparty Parliament

Democratic Construction

Division of power between executive legislature, judiciary

Secular State – Freedom of Religion (90% Christian)

Freedom of Press/Media 


1.826 854 million

Density: 2.2 per km2

13 Regions

240 000 inhabitants in Windhoek (15 %)

Official Language: English

13 Ethnic Cultures

16 Languages and Dialects

Literacy Rate: 65%

Life Expectancy: 56 Years

Population Growth Rate 2.9%

1450 Schools- 94% of children attend school

Physical Infrastructure

5450km tarred roads

37000km gravel roads

Main Harbours: Walvis Bay, Lüderitz

Airports & airstrips: Windhoek main airport: Hosea Kutako International, Windhoek city:Eros Airport.Airstrips: 46

Rail Network: 2382km narrow gauge

6.2 telephone lines per 100 inhabitants

Direct-dailling facilities to 221 countries

Mobile communication system: GSM

Agreements with 40 countries / 80 networks

Postal service affiliated with Universal Postal Union


Nature Reserves: 15% of Surface Area (105 559 km2)

Highest Mountain: Brandberg 2579m

Other Mountains: Spitzkoppe 1728m,1584, Molteblick 2480m, Gamsberg 2349

Rivers: Orange River ( Southern Border with South Africa)

Kunene, Okavango, Zambezi and Kwando/Linyanti/Chobe, ( Northern Border with Angola, Zambia and Botswana

Ephemeral Rivers: Fish-, Kuiseb-, Swakop and Ugab river


14 vegetation zones

120 species of trees

200 endemic plant species

100 species of lichen

Living Fossil plant: Welwitschia mirabilis


Big Game: Elephant, Lion, Rhino, Buffalo, Cheetah, Leopard, Giraffe Antelope

20 Species of Antelope

240 species of mammals (14 endemic)

250 species of reptiles

50 species of Frogs

+- 630 Species of Birds

Endemic Birds: Herero Chat, Rockrunner, Damara Tern, African Fish Eagle, Monteiro’s Hornbill


Main sectors: Mining, Fishing, Tourism & Agriculture

Biggest Employer: Agriculture 46%

Fastest growing sector: Tourism

Mining: Diamonds, Uranium, Copper, Lead, Zinc, Magnesium, Cadmium, Arsenic, Pyrites, Silver, and Gold, Lithium minerals, Dimension stones (granite, marble, blue sodalite) and many semi-precious stones.

GDP per Capita: N$ 11736

Entry Requirements

Passport- valid six months after date of entry

Citizens from the following countries are exempted from visa requirements if entering Namibia as bone fida tourists: Angola, Australia, Austria, Belgium, Botswana, Brazil, Canada, Cuba, France, Germany, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Japan, Kenya, Lesotho, Lichtenstein, Luxembourg, Malawi, Malaysia, Mozambique, Netherlands, New Zealand, Portugal , Russia, Scandinavian Countries, Singapore, Spain, Swaziland, Switzerland, Tanzania, UK, USA, Zambia, Zimbabwe.

For further info contact

Ministry of Home Affairs: Tel (++264-61) 292-2102

Social Infrastructure

One medical doctor per 3650 people

Windhoek: two privately run hospitals

Intensive-care units

Medical practitioners-world standard

24 Hours medical emergency services

Foreign Represenation

More than 50 countries have Naibian consular or embassy representation in Windhoek. For more information,

Contact: Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Information and Broadcasting

Tel (+264 61)  282 9111


Public transport NOT available to all destinations in Namibia. Bus service from Windhoek- Cape Town/Johannesburg/Vic Falls/Swakopmund.

Namibia’s main railway line runs from the South African border, connecting Windhoek to Swakomund in the West and Tsumeb in the North.

Desert Express operates a scenic route between Windhoek and the Coast.

Extensive Network of international and Regional flights from Windhoek. Domestic Charters to all destinations.

Medical & Emergency Services

International SOS


TEL: (+264 61) 230 505/249 777

Netcare 911 Namibia

TEL: (+264 61) 22 3330


TEL: (+264 64) 400 700


TEL: (+264 81) 128 5501

Walvis Bay

TEL: (+264 64) 200 200

E-Med rescue

081 924


Tax & Customs

All Goods are priced to include value-added tax of 15%. Visitors may reclaim VAT.

Enquiries: Ministry of Finance TEL: (+264 61) 23 0773

Money Matters

Currency: The Namibian Dollar (N$) is fixed to and equals the SA Rand, South African Rand is also a legal tender .

The Traveler’s cheques, foreign currency, International Visa, MasterCard, American Express and Diners Club credit cards are accepted.

Travelers cheques in foreign currency can be exchanged during banking hours, weekdays 09:00-15:30 and on Saturdays from 08:30-10:30, at any commercial bank in most towns. Bureau de Change offices at the International Airport and Levinson Arcade  in Windhoek.

No Credit Cards accepted at petrol service stations. Most petrol/garage cards accepted. Personal cheques and foreign currency or foreign Travelers Cheques are not accepted at rest camps.

What To Pack

As temperatures can be very high during the summer months, clothing made from cotton rather than synthetic fibres is preferable. During winter, light clothing combined with a sweater and/or jacket is recommended, as it becomes cold in the evenings and early mornings. Important items to pack: comfortable walking shoes, swimsuits, binoculars, sun hats and sun glasses, sunscreen/sun block, mosquitoes repellent and battery operated or conventional razors for visiting remote areas.

Electrical Appliances

All run on 220/240 volts. Outlets are of the round 3-pin, 15-amps type, same as in South Africa.

International Telephone Code

To phone Namibia internationally, dial (++264) and then the local code, omitting the first 0, then the local number. Include the zero when phoning within Namibia.

Time Zone

Summer time: GMT + 2 hours from the 1st Sunday in September to the 1st Sunday in April

Winter: GMT + 1 hour from the 1st Sunday in April to the 1st Sunday in September

Drinking Water

Most tap water is purified and safe to drink. Visitors should exercise caution in rural areas.


Temperatures in Degrees Celsius – Average Year

Summer = December, January, February

Winter = June, July, August

Windhoek – Central Namibia

Max – 31° | December

Min – 03° | June

Swakopmund – Central Coastal Area

Max – 21° | February

Min – 09° | August

Rundu – Northern Namibia

Max – 35° | October

Min – 08° | June

Keetmanshoop – Southern Namibia

Max – 34° | December

Min – 07° | June